What are Anxiety Disorders?
Anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders, affecting 30 percent of adults at some point in their lives. As debilitating as anxiety disorders can be, there are effective treatments available that can help you lead a normal, productive life.
There are several types of anxiety disorders, which we will discuss below. Most anxiety disorders involve repeated episodes of intense anxiety and fear that can reach a panic attack. These feelings can make it difficult to function in everyday life, disrupting sleep, eating and relationships.
Some of the most common anxiety disorders include:
Generalized anxiety disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder, or GAD, involves persistent, ongoing worry. It may be accompanied by other physical symptoms such as restlessness, fatigue and trouble concentrating. The worries tend to focus around everyday things like work, family and appointments.
Social anxiety disorder
Social anxiety disorder, or social phobia, causes severe anxiety regarding being embarrassed, humiliated or rejected in social situations. Common examples include public speaking, meeting new people or eating/drinking in front of others. As a result, you may try to avoid social situations at all costs.
The main symptom of panic disorder is panic attacks, which can happen suddenly and out of nowhere. Panic attacks can have such severe symptoms, you might think that you’re having a heart attack. The symptoms of panic attacks include heart palpitations, sweating, trembling, chest pain, dizziness and shortness of breath.
Phobias happen when you have an excessive fear of a certain object, situation or activity. You know that this fear is unwarranted, but you can’t control it. You will even go through great lengths to avoid what you fear. Some of the most common phobias are fear of spiders, flying and public speaking.